In the name of Allah Most Gracious and Most Merciful
Translation of Khutba : Masjid Otsuka: Friday, September 30 2016
All praise is due to Allah as is befitting to Him. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, having no partners, and Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
Dear Muslims,the Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “The rights of a Muslim on the Muslims are six.” It was said to him SAW, “What are these O Messenger of Allah?” He SAW said, “When you meet him, read salam upon him. When he invites you accept his invitation. When he seeks your counsel advise him, and when he sneezes and says, ‘All praise is due to Allah, ’ You say Yarhamuka Allah (may Allah have mercy on you). When he is ill visit him, and when he dies follow him (his funeral procession). ”
1) Dear Muslims,the rights mentioned in this Hadith refer to the type of deeds a Muslim must fulfill in dealing with other people.The first of these rights is saying Assalamu Alaykum (peace be upon you-the standard Muslim greeting). Spreading greeting and responding to it cause to promote the meaning of peace amongst individuals. So when someone greets another saying Assalamu Alaykum, he, in fact, pledges him safety and security.In the following verse, Allah, the Almighty, has urged us to respond to others’ greeting nicely. Allah says in the Qur’an in Surah Annisaa:
“And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, Allah is ever, over all things, an Accountant.” (S.4 V.86)
The prophet Muhammad SAW explained to us that greeting all people is of the good acts that nurtures love and coexistence amongst people. Abdullah Ibn Amru Ibn Alaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “A person asked Allah’s Apostle: ‘What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good?” He SAW replied, ‘To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.’”
2) The second set of rights that promote community cohesion is to answer the invitations by others, whether the occasion is joyful or sorrowful. Accepting the call of people is advisable because it increases intimacy and deepens friendship between members of the society. In this regard, the Prophet SAW said, “When he invites you to a feast accept it.” The prophet Muhammad SAW would willingly accept the invitation of whoever had offered it. He SAW said, “I shall accept the invitation even if I were invited to a meal of a sheep’s trotter, and I shall accept the gift even if it were an arm or a trotter of a sheep.” This is an advice for us to positively respond to social invitations from people, irrespective of their status. Also the prophet SAW affirmed that we should accept the wedding invitations for the immense pleasure it shall bring to the host. He SAW said, “If anyone of you is invited to a wedding feast, let him accept.”
3) The third right that individuals should observe is offering and accepting advice. The prophet SAW considered offering advice as a right of a Muslim over another Muslim, when he SAW said, “When he seeks your counsel give him.” Truly, offering advice is a highest form of community cohesion, inviting people to guide each other for performing good deeds. For their part, Muslims’ gatherings should be for advice and counseling. The Prophet SAW said, “Religion (Islam) is Nasiha (means sincerity or giving advice).”
4) The fourth right is Tashmit, that is, to say to someone who sneezed Yarhamuka Allah (may Allah have mercy on you). It is a way of establishing communication amongst people based on saying prayers. So if someone has sneezed and thanked Allah, then whoever heard him should wish for him Allah’s mercy. To answer Tashmit, one must reply back by praying for him.As such, Tashmit fosters affection and love between individuals, not to mention it is a right of a Muslim over another Muslim as mentioned by the Prophet Muhammad SAW. The Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “To wish mercy on him when he sneezes and says, ‘Praise be to Allah.’”
5) O Servants of Allah,the fifth right is to visit someone if he is ill whether in his house or in the hospital. This is considered one of the most rewarding deeds. So any patient should feel honoured and cherish the fact that Allah, the Most Exalted, will admonish those who fail to fulfill the right to visit him. The prophet Muhammad SAW said, “Allah (mighty and sublime be He) will say on the Day of Resurrection, ‘O son of Adam, I fell ill and you visited Me not.’ He will say, ‘O Lord, and how should I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds? ’ Allah will say,‘Did you not know that My servant So-and-so had fallen ill and you visited him not? Did you not know that had you visited him you would have found Me with him?’”
6) O Servants of Allah, obey Allah and be aware that Islam is keen to maintain good rapport amongst individuals. This should not only be confined to when they are still alive, but also extend to after when they died. Thus, Islam has established for the deceased some rights over the living, including attending their funeral, performing the funeral Salat, burying them, praying for them, supplicating to Allah to forgive them and have His Mercy on them, visiting their relatives, and giving charity on their behalf. All of these acts are meant to strengthen the brotherly and friendly relations between members of the community. The prophet Muhammad SAW said, “When some muslim dies follow his funeral.” Furthermore, The prophet Muhammad SAW promised those who perform such deeds will receive great rewards. He SAW said,” “Whoever accompanies the funeral (the dead body) until he performs the funeral prayer will have a reward equal to (one carat), and whoever accompanies the burial procession, will be doubly awarded (two carats).” They then asked, “What is meant by the two carats?” He SAW replied: “Like two huge mountains.” For his part, the dead person will receive large amount of reward. The Prophet Muhammad SAW said, “If a Muslim dies and a group of forty people, who do not associate any one with Allah, pray for him, Allah will accept their intercession for him (by way of their Duaa for him). ” Attending a funeral procession is therefore a mercy from Allah, may Glory be to Him, over the living and the dead alike. It is also a comfort for the bereaved.
May the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon prophet Muhammad SAW, his family and all of his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, and all those who will follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment.
O Allah! Accept our prayers and all our ibada.
O Allah! Guide us to the right path and make us of those on whom You bestows Your mercy.
O Allah! Accept all of our good deeds and forgive us for our sins.
O Allah! Accept us for Your service and for the service of Islam and Muslims
O Allah! Please Bless us for our Dawah work here in Japan.
O Allah! Give rizq in abundance to all of the Muslims in Japan.
O Allah! Give shifa to all those who are sick.
O Allah! Grant safety and security to everyone here in Japan as well as all over the world. Aamin ya Rabbil Aalamin.